Tatyana P.Pritvorova, Nikolai N.Gelashvili, Bagdat K.Spanova
The article studies the system of social entrepreneurship institutional support in Kazakhstan in the context of effective world experience. By summarizing the world’s experience of promoting social entrepreneurship, the authors identify the subjects of support; determine the role of each subject and the mechanisms of communication between them. Taking into account the fact that there is no official definition of social entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan; the authors proceed from the framework definition for this phenomenon, which has been developed in the world scientific thought and legal norms ofits regulation. Using this definition, the authors estimate the extent of social entrepreneurship in the NGO sector on the basis of sociological research and available data in open sources. Based on comparison with effective world practices, the article assesses the regulatory framework and institutional environment of social entrepreneurship development in Kazakhstan. The authors have developed recommendations on the regulatory status of social entrepreneurs and the main areas of their institutional support. Particular attention is paid to the development of cross-sectoral and intra-sectoral links in the development of social entrepreneurship. The emphasis is made on the accelerator models as the most productive form of support, which has a network nature and based on mechanisms for coordinating the actions of the state and non-state actors.
Keywords: social entrepreneurship, institutional environment, government, non-state actors, regulatory status, accelerator, Kazakhstan.
Т.П. Притворова, Н.Н. Гелашвили, Б.К. Спанова Институциональная поддержка социального предпринимательства: мировая практика и возможности для Казахстана // Экономика: стратегия и практика —2020 — № 1 (15) — С. 71-87.