The assessment a relationship between science and socio-economic development of the country (on the example of Kazakhstan)

Aisulu Т.Moldabekova, Nursymbat S.Sabyr, Aknur Zhidebekkyzy

Abstract

The article presents the results of a quantitative analysis of the relationship between science and the country’s socio-economic development. A correlation and regression analysis was carried out based on statistical data of the Committee on Statistics of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the World Bank on the state of science, social and economic indicators. The most significant indicators of science, which are important factors in the socio-economic development of Kazakhstan, are identified. On the basis of the correlation analysis, it was revealed that among the indicators of science, internal expenditures on R&D, the number of scientific publications, patent applications are interconnected with indicators of the country’s socio-economic development. However, between some indicators there is no or, there is a reverse, negative relationship: the gross domestic product does not have a significant relationship with the indicators of science. Regression models show the importance of science indicators such as internal expenditures on R&D, scientific publications, the number of organizations (enterprises) carrying out R&D in the socio-economic development of the country, especially in the development of industrial production and increasing investment in fixed assets. The obtained models necessitate an increase in the role of science in the socio-economic development of the country: an increase in spending on science and the quality of scientific, empirical research, the results of which have applied aspects; development of the potential of scientific organizations are the important factors in the development of the economy and society. The prospect of this work is to conduct empirical research on the impact of specific scientific results on the socio-economic development of the country using quantitative and qualitative methods.

Keywords: research and development (R&D), socio-economic development, research impact, gross domestic product (GDP), economy.

Cite

Молдабекова А.Т., Сабыр Н.С., Жидебеккызы А. Оценка взаимосвязи между наукой и социально-экономическим развитием страны (на примере Казахстана) // Экономика: стратегия и практика. — 2020 — № 3 (15) — С. 157-170.